Lake Bogoria National Reserve: A volcanically active lake in Kenya Rift valley.


Lake Bogoria National Reserve.

At the beginning of Kenya’s great northern wilderness lies Lake Bogoria. The lake is the heart of an arid landscape, in the shadow of the dramatic walls of the Siracho Range. The soda waters of the lake attract massive flocks of flamingo, and the lake is often carpeted with pink.

Lake Bogoria is still volcanically active, and the western shore is lined with spouting geysers, spurting steam and bubbling geothermal pools. Fresh water springs at the lake edge attract an abundance of birds and wildlife.


There are many Fish Eagles, which often prey on the local flamingos. The shores are always lined with Gazelle, Zebra, Baboons and this is one of the best places to see Greater Kudu. This area forms an important cultural divide between the predominantly Maasai Rift Valley lakes to the south (Magadi, Naivasha, Elementeita and Nakuru) and the semi-arid northern Lakes of Bogoria, Baringo and Turkana home to a diverse range of tribes and cultures.

Lake Bogoria is a wild area; the lake itself set at the bottom of a trough at the base of a sheer 600 meter wall called the Ngendelel escarpment. Hot water geysers and fearsome fumaroles are found on the western shoreline evidencing the turmoil below.

In the middle of the day the heat can be oppressive but there is a wonderfully cool campsite - Fig Tree - where a mass of giant figs create a cool haven and a limpid stream of fresh water adds to the oasis ambience.

Bogoria is an important bird area, with its large populations of flamingo. Other species of interest recorded here include many Black necked Grebes, African Darter, White necked vulture and African Fish Eagle. The best way to see birdlife in this area is to travel around the lakeshore. The acacia forests and cliffs are both rich birding country.

Tourists can either stay at the park lodge, or camp at one of the three public campsites or the professional campsite. A picnic site is available for them. Hot springs and baths provide a natural spa for the visitors. Lake Bogoria waters contain the blue-green algae which tend to attract thousands of flamingoes seasonally and turn the shores pink. Bushed grasslands surround the lake and visitors can spot a variety of animals here including the buffalo, zebra, impala, and dik dik. The southern shore of the lake consists of acacia-ficus woodland, while the northern part is a "papyrus swamp." Visitors can explore the beauty of the park by camping, walking or boating.

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