Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa.



Kilimanjaro is an inactive volcano mountain in North-eastern Tanzania. It has three extinct volcanic cones namely Kibo, Mawezi, and Shira. Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in Africa and it provides a dramatic view of the surrounding plains. Kilimanjaro is encircled by mountain forests which make up the four national parks. Numerous mammals, many of them endangered species, live in these parks.

Kilimanjaro has almost every climate type represented on earth due to its equatorial location and the high elevation. It concludes a year-round snow-tapped summit. Kilimanjaro has four National parks in its area


There is the Kilimanjaro national park that is in Tanzania, Arusha national park also in Tanzania, Amboseli national park which Kenya is on the northern side of it and Tsavo national park, Kenya lies to its east.

Kilimanjaro parks such as the Amboseli are famous for being the best place in Africa to get close to free-ranging elephants. Other attractions of the park include opportunities to meet Maasai people who will offer extravagant scenes of their traditions. Also the spectacular views of the Kilimanjaro the highest free standing mountain in the World. Amboseli has a small airport that makes transportation convenient.

Travelers are mostly attracted by the highest point of Kilimanjaro which is the Uhuru peak on Kibo. There are several routes by which to climb Kilimanjaro, namely, Marangu, Rongai, Lemosho, Shira, Umbwe and Machame. Of all the routes, Machame is by far the most scenic albeit steeper route up the mountain. The Rongai is the easiest camping route and the Marangu is also easy, but accommodation is in huts. As a result, this route tends to be very busy and ascent and descent routes are the same. Uhuru is reachable through these scrambling routes.

Kilimanjaro may be attempted by strong mountain walkers, however it is easy to gain height too quickly and altitude related illness or considerable discomfort is experienced by many who try to go up too fast.

All climbers will suffer considerable discomfort, typically shortage of breath, hypothermia and headaches, and though most young, fit people can make the Uhuru summit, a substantial number of trekkers will abandon the attempt at a lower altitude.

Craggy Mawenzi and ‘flat topped’, Kibo are summits on Kilimanjaro that are separated by the Saddle which is 5km wide, has high-attitude and is a semi desert. From the summits of Kilimanjaro glaciers, screes, cliffs, afro-alpine, moorland then forests lead down to the cultivated foothills of Kilimanjaro.

Kilimanjaro and its part that extends into the Kilimanjaro national park is very rich in both animal and plant species. There are mammals, primates, carnivores, antelopes, bats, elephants, insectivores, rodents, black rhinoceros, butterflies, blue monkeys and many other extra ordinary creatures.

The Kilimanjaro National Park comprises the whole of the mountain above 2700m, including some of the montane forest, and six corridors through the forest belt below.

High altitude climbing clubs have criticized the Tanzanian authorities for charging fees for each day spent on the Kilimanjaro. This can encourage climbers to climb rapidly to save time and money, while proper acclimatization demands that delays are built in to any high climb.

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