Garissa Kenya, a town in North Eastern Province.


Garissa Kenya.

Garissa is a town in North Eastern Province, Kenya. It is the capital of the province and Garissa District. It has a population of 65,881 (1999 census). The Tana River flows through the city of Garissa.

Most of the inhabitants of Garissa are ethnic Somalis. The major clans in the region belong to the Ogaden sub-clan of the Somali Darod. There are also a small number of other minority tribes commonly referred to as corner tribes.

Garissa forms a municipality that has six wards (Biashara, Bulla, Jamhuri, Market, Mashambani and Stadium). All of them belong to Dujis Constituency, which has a total of thirteen wards.

The remaining seven are located within Garissa County Council, the rural council of Garissa District.

The Garissa town is a market centre situated on the Tana River, and its industries process food, beverages, and tobacco products; manufactures include plastic containers. It is located about 215 miles (350 km) east of Nairobi and is linked by road with Nairobi, Mombasa, and Alanga Arba.

Lots of camels, donkeys, goats and cattle are mostly found on the road. Not a lot of "wild" life, the occasional digidig and one random baboon that crossed our path. Going eastward, it gets predominantly Muslim. That roadside was peppered with nomadic encampments of these hemispheric huts made of woven branches, and covered with plastic tarps since it was rainy season.

However, the vast district is historically home for large mammals including elephants, the endangered rhinos, buffaloes and finally the big cats. Older people still vividly remember how they had some rough time with these animals.

Other than the big cats (Lions, Leopards, Cheetahs) most of these animals have disappeared, thanks to the illigal trade in trophies (tusks and horns) in the 70s.

However, due to recent improvement in security in the province, elephants have reportedly returned to Garissa which used to be a migratory corridor connecting the Tsavo and Kora ecosystems to the grater Somalia ecosystem.

There is also a giraffe sanctuary in Garissa that offer protection and conservation of the reticulated giraffes in this remote part of Kenya. The sanctuary is located along the eastern side of the river near Garissa and the giraffes acess it through marked watering corridors. The Somali Giraffe or Reticulated Giraffe is a subspecies of giraffe native to Somalia and Northeastern kenya. Reticulated giraffe can interbreed with other giraffe subspecies in captivity or if populations are low in the wild.

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